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SBIFF is a 501(c)(3) non-profit arts and education organization dedicated to making a positive impact utilizing the power of film. SBIFF is a year-round organization that is best known for its main film festival that takes place each year in February. Over the past 30 years the Santa Barbara International Film Festival has become one of the leading film festivals in the United States – attracting 90,000 attendees and offering 11days of 200+ films, tributes and symposiums. We bring the best of independent and international cinema to Santa Barbara, and we continue to expand our year-round operation to include a wide range of educational programming, fulfilling our mission to engage, enrich and inspire our community through film.

In June 2016, SBIFF entered a new era with the acquisition of the historic and beloved Riviera Theatre. The theatre is SBIFF’s new home and is the catalyst for our program expansion. This marks the first time that Santa Barbara has had a 24/7 community center focused on the art of film and is an incredible opportunity to expand our mission of educational outreach. Particularly important to SBIFF is making available high quality learning opportunities for underserved and vulnerable populations. Our programs and reach are more robust than ever before.


BARAKA...SAMSARA!!! An interview with the filmmakers.


SAMSARA (2011) by filmmakers Ron Fricke and producer Mark Magidson is the follow-up to the epic non-narrative film BARAKA (1992), which made cinematic history twenty years ago with its arresting 70mm Panavision System images filmed in 24 countries. Described by director Ron Fricke as a ‘guided meditation’ BARAKA still has people dropping their jaw at the astonishing innovative camera work and intercutting of the haunting musical score. Now, the filmmakers bring the same camera and music team to the screen once again, but this time with a different story to tell in, SAMSARA.

I interviewed producer Mark Magidson and composer Marcello De Francisci in Santa Barbara last month just after seeing SAMSARA for the first time.


ME: How did you and Ron Fricke start this series of films, beginning with CHRONOS (1985) BARAKA (1992) and now SAMSARA (2011), and this new kind of cinema that hadn’t been really done before?


MARK: Well, first off I don’t want to say it hadn’t been done before because it is sort of an evolution. You see a lot of films and you’re building on a lot of people that are influences. I think Ron started with the film KOYAANISQATSI (1982) and I had seen that film in 1983. He wanted to make an Imax film after that and I was just blown away by that film. Ron had an idea for a nonverbal Imax film but we didn’t know what it was exactly. We got to physically building an Imax camera that shot time lapse and I have a company that is an engineering oriented company that was able to help him construct this camera which is the camera we used to make this Imax film CHRONOS in 1985. Imax films then were 35-40 minutes total. So we did CHRONOS and that was very well received as an Imax…
…Then we started to develop an idea for a much longer feature film to be photographed in more locations, more countries and that became BARAKA. So we developed BARAKA. It was a three-year project and shot in 24 countries so that was very ambitious but again the way we work is with a very small crew, very horizontal so everybody does a lot of things. And you try to be out gathering data and material for as long as possible within the budget to put as much as you can into the visual experience of the film. I think SAMSARA is just to keep advancing the state of the art in a lot of ways musically and technically in the way the film is made. There’s still nothing to record images on the same level of quality as the 70mm camera system, which is like fifty years old, but we’re using this amazing technology combined with the cutting edge digital media process it went through and high-resolution scanners that we did with the negative.


ME: How did your relationship with composers Michael Stearns and Lisa Gerard begin?


MARK: Well, we had three composers on this film and Michael Stearns had done the soundtrack for BARAKA and CHRONOS. He’s a great guy. I have a great long-term relationship with him over decades. When we did BARAKA we used a piece of Dead Can Dance music called ‘The Host of the Seraphim’ which is a really iconic and amazing piece of music and we used that off of a recording. I didn’t really know Lisa at the time but she was passing through Los Angeles at the time we were doing post and I showed her the cut with that music and she really loved it. We weren’t sure how it was going to go over. Timing wise we were also serendipitously in need another vocal as we were finishing the scoring. With BARAKA we cut with music a lot but with SAMSARA we cut silent and put the music later. That’s a different topic but I met Lisa at that time. She came and contributed more music in the studio and refused any compensation and just said if she ever needed us for something she would call us. Like in ‘The Godfather’…
…A year later she and Brendan Perry from Dead Can Dance came in town and asked me to make a film about one of the concerts and Id never done that before. It was much more about trust. They were comfortable with me doing it so I made this concert film about Dead Can Dance called: TOWARD THE WITHIN. It worked out really well. It was kind of stressful because with a live show you’ve got a one shot deal at it and we had four cameras. It worked out well. It was a little film, 80 minutes. But since then Lisa’s gone on to these major films and worked with Marcello in a number of films and that’s how they came to be involved in SAMSARA.


MARCELLO: Basically we were working on SAMSARA and when Lisa came into town she told me to come over to Mark’s and work with her on it. The whole concept of doing the score was, as Mark said, he’d already shot the film and he wanted music which is usually the procedure you work from. You get a film and you start putting music into the film. It was an interesting process because we prepared a lot before we started working on the film. We thought about a lot of elements of what could work. It was a question of balance and figuring out what resonated with everyone on an organic level because this movie has a very organic sense to it.


ME: I consider your films like a cathedral to filmmaking. You go beyond filmmaking here and pierce into the transcendent with them. Can you comment on that?


MARK: I wish Ron Fricke was here but he’s in Asia right now on a job. But he likes to call these films ‘guided meditations’ and what that means in a way is to stay out of the way of too much editorializing because you don’t wan to go from an inner experience to an intellectual experience. Because the way the film’s edited and the way the music direction is done is to keep it so you don’t disturb that inner flow that you have. We did have just a few editorializing moments in SAMSARA, like the Burger King sequence, but we really don’t do a lot of it.


ME: There’s something to be said about a film that has no talking. Somehow only when there is a true silence can you reach a transcendent state, like in these films.


MARK: Well, you bring something of your own inner dialogue to what you’re seeing and you’re trying to let happen.


ME: Can you say something about the BARAKASAMSARA meaning? What do these words mean?


MARK: Well, BARAKA is a word that means ‘breath of life’ whereas SAMSARA is a metaphor for impermanence or birth, death and rebirth. It’s a Buddhist word. They are words that are kind of amorphous and broad and again, it goes with the style of filmmaking that we just talked about, about it being absorbing, of what the viewer hopefully brings if they’re open to it.


ME: in BARAKA you had an image of a man screaming which is very much like the painting The Scream’ by Edvard Munch. And then in SAMSARA you have this arresting sequence of this businessman screaming silently in a way as he frantically paints his face. Both the businessman and the screaming man from BARAKA look as though they are imprisoned and dying to get out of their temporal forms.


MARK: That’s a good perception that you had. In BARAKA those were Japanese Butoh performances, a contemporary dance form. There were three women and a man doing that in BARAKA and they were a very committed dance troupe to do this work and a corollary of it was we were looking for some performance art to mix in with the nonfiction imagery that we get from filming around factories and nature. So in SAMSARA we had the Bali girls at the beginning, which was very surreal, and we had the thousand hands performance at the end. And we had this performer, this French guy we found on youtube, Olivier De Sagazan is his name, and he developed this sort of expression of the travails of 21st Century life now and I think that’s what comes across. Whatever it means its good not to have to say what it’s supposed to mean because art is supposed to be something you feel.


ME: Yeah, I’d say he screams the message across loud and clear. It was hard to sleep after seeing that. Marcello, is there anything you’d like to say about being a composer on SAMSARA?


MARCELLO: I wanted to address the film as being a ‘guided meditation’. I always refer this film back to a book I read by Carl Jung called: ‘Man and His Symbols’. So it’s kind of like ‘What are these symbols?’ I mean, the experience you have while watching a film like SAMSARA is that it has an individual language to each individual. So it’s very much a guided meditation, not so guided in a way that it holds your hand. For example, you’ve experienced the film in a way totally different than I have and yet we’ve seen the same film. That’s the wonderful thing about this type of filmmaking. It touches everyone a different way.


ME: Yeah, it transcends too even more than guiding you. It’s incredible and it really communicates.


MARCELLO: Yeah, it helps you experience your own path. Working on the music my experience was that the more we kept working on it I always discovered something new. Not only in the film but in the music as well… ‘Like oh you know that cow bell, or that instrument is working with this image on an intuitive level and I hadn’t even noticed’. With the vision of everyone involved in the musical process, you know- Mark, Ron, Lisa, Michael- it was like I was able to rediscover stuff that I wasn’t even aware that we were creating. When we went to a final screening at Paramount and when I watched the movie in its entirety almost completely detached, I felt so as if I hadn’t even been involved, as if I’d just been a spectator. It was just an amazing experience.


ME: Awesome! Okay, so how can people see the film? There aren’t even trailers available and most people have no idea this film even exists yet.


MARK: Well, we’re going to hopefully announce a distribution arrangement in the US in the next month or so. Then hopefully the film will be released in the fall. And then overseas we have sold the film to US, Canada, Australia, Germany, and the UK so the rest of the world.


ME: Good. This film was one of the most anticipated events this year for me. I’ve been waiting twenty years for this! ☺



SAMSARA premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) in September 2011 and held its second US premier in Santa Barbara during the Santa Barbara International Film Festival (SBIFF) on February 1, 2012.



Visit the film’s official site here:



photos by Vanessa McMahon



Additional photos below by Benjamin Schwartz  



Composer Marcello De Francisci and Producer Mark Magidson 


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